Recurrent deletions and duplications of chromosome 2q11.2 and 2q13 are associated with variable outcomes

Kacie N. Riley, Lisa M. Catalano, John A. Bernat, Stacie D. Adams, Donna M. Martin, Seema R. Lalani, Ankita Patel, Rachel D. Burnside, Jeffrey W. Innis, M. Katharine Rudd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Copy number variation (CNV) in the long arm of chromosome 2 has been implicated in developmental delay (DD), intellectual disability (ID), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), congenital anomalies, and psychiatric disorders. Here we describe 14 new subjects with recurrent deletions and duplications of chromosome 2q11.2, 2q13, and 2q11.2-2q13. Though diverse phenotypes are associated with these CNVs, some common features have emerged. Subjects with 2q11.2 deletions often exhibit DD, speech delay, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), whereas those with 2q11.2 duplications have DD, gastroesophageal reflux, and short stature. Congenital heart defects (CHDs), hypotonia, dysmorphic features, and abnormal head size are common in those with 2q13 deletions. In the 2q13 duplication cohort, we report dysmorphic features, DD, and abnormal head size. Two individuals with large duplications spanning 2q11.2-2q13 have dysmorphic features, hypotonia, and DD. This compilation of clinical features associated with 2q CNVs provides information that will be useful for healthcare providers and for families of affected children. However, the reduced penetrance and variable expressivity associated with these recurrent CNVs makes genetic counseling and prediction of outcomes challenging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2664-2673
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Volume167
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 2q11.2 deletion
  • 2q11.2 duplication
  • 2q13 deletion
  • 2q13 duplication
  • FBLN7
  • Recurrent CNV
  • TMEM87B

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