Recurrent acute kidney injury in preterm neonates is common and associated with worse outcomes and higher mortality

Oluwatobi O. Adegboyega, Yamini Singh, Alok Bhutada, Juan C. Kupferman, Shantanu Rastogi

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

5 Scopus citations


Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) in preterm neonates is associated with poor outcomes that may worsen in the setting of recurrent episodes of AKI. This study defines and studies the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of recurrent AKI (rAKI). Methods: Retrospective chart review of the neonates born at a gestational age of ≤28 weeks admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) between January 2014 and December 2018. We identified AKI based on the serum creatinine (Scr) concentrations using the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. rAKI was defined as the occurrence of AKI after Scr from the prior AKI had returned to baseline. Results: Forty-nine of the 205 (24%) preterm neonates developed rAKI. An earlier diagnosis (<7 days old) and a higher KDIGO stage (stage 3) at the initial episode of AKI was associated with rAKI (p = 0.03). Preterm neonates with rAKI had higher mortality as compared to those with a single episode of AKI (sAKI) (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 4.55, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.12–18.51). Length of stay (LOS) was longer among neonates with rAKI as compared to those with sAKI by 36 days (95% CI 24.9–47.1). Conclusions: Recurrent AKI in preterm neonates was associated with earlier episodes and higher KDIGO stage of the initial AKI episode. Neonates with rAKI had higher mortality and longer LOS compared to those with sAKI. Impact: Definition and study of the incidence of rAKI and its associated outcomes among preterm neonates.Recurrent AKI is common among preterm neonates and may contribute to worse outcomes for premature neonates in the NICU.Early recognition of the risk factors for AKI, and effective management of initial AKI and early phase of recurrent AKI may improve outcomes of these preterm neonates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-290
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2022
Externally publishedYes


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