Recruitment of a repressosome complex at the growth hormone receptor promoter and its potential role in diabetic nephropathy

P. M. Gowri, J. H. Yu, A. Shaufl, M. A. Sperling, R. K. Menon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

The growth hormone (GH)-GH receptor (GHR) axis modulates growth and metabolism and contributes to complications of diabetes mellitus. We analyzed the promoter region of the dominant transcript (L2) of the murine GHR to determine that a cis element, L2C1, interacts with transcription factors NF-Y, BTEB1, and HMG-Y/I. These proteins individually repress GHR expression and together form a repressosome complex in conjunction with mSin3b. The histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A increases expression of the murine GHR gene, enhances association of acetyl-H3 at L2C1, inhibits formation of the repressosome complex, and decreases NF-Y's association with L2C1. Our studies reveal that murine models of experimental diabetes mellitus are characterized by reduced hepatic GHR expression, decreased acetyl-H3 associated with L2C1, and increased formation of the repressosome complex. In contrast, in the kidney diabetes mellitus is associated with enhanced GHR expression and lack of alteration in the assembly of the repressosome complex, thus permitting exposure of kidneys to the effects of elevated levels of GH in diabetes mellitus. Our findings define a higher-order repressosome complex whose formation correlates with the acetylation status of chromatin histone proteins. The delineation of the role of this repressosome complex in regulating tissue-specific expression of GHR in diabetes mellitus provides a molecular model for the role of GH in the genesis of certain microvascular complications of diabetes mellitus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)815-825
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2003
Externally publishedYes

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