The genes that code for the human major histocompatibility class I antigens, HLA-A2 and HLA-B7 were introduced into human, monkey, and mouse cell lines by cotransfection with suitable biochemical markers and the fluorescence-activated cell sorter was used to identify and/or select stable cell populations expressing high surface levels of these antigens. Levels of expression obtained were similar to those observed for endogenous HLA antigens on various human cell lines and were 25-80% of those observed on the human B-lymphoblastoid cell line JY. Serologically defined HLA-A2 and HLA-B7 polymorphic determinants remained intact on all transfected recipient cells analyzed. Cloned human allospecific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) specific for HLA-A2 or HLA-B7 were capable of lysing appropriate HLA-transfected human cells with comparable efficiency JY cells to lysis. Two of 10 CTL clones lysed appropriate monkey cell transfectants with ~20% the efficiency of human cell transfectants. No specific lysis of any HLA-transfected mouse cell lines, including a B cell lymphoma, was observed despite comparable levels of surface antigen expression or after induction of higher levels by mouse γ-interferon. Furthermore, L cells expressing human β2-microglobulin in addition to HLA-A2 or -B7 were not lysed by these CTL. Thus, an additional species-specific component may be involved in lysis by allogeneic CTL - possibly related to the function(s) of other surface proteins on target cells.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Issue number||23 I|
|State||Published - 1984|