Recent diffusion tensor imaging findings in early stages of schizophrenia

Marines Kyriakopoulos, Sophia Frangou

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of review Several lines of evidence suggest that the normal integration of cerebral function may be compromised in schizophrenia. Abnormalities in white matter tracts, which connect brain regions into functional networks, may be directly relevant to its pathophysiology. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has increasingly been used to study white matter abnormalities in schizophrenia; in this review, we will discuss recent DTI findings focusing on the early stages of the disorder. Recent findings Deficits in white matter integrity as inferred by DTI appear to be present in the early stages of schizophrenia, even in neuroleptic-naive patients, and may be the result of interaction between illness-related processes and normal development. The pattern of identified abnormalities is not totally consistent across all studies, with frontotemporal, frontoparietal and temporooccipital connections as well as projection fibers and cerebellar white matter being among the affected tracts. Summary Recent DTI findings further support the hypothesis of structural dysconnectivity in schizophrenia. The presence of white matter abnormalities early in the course of the illness is suggestive of these being related to the emergence of the disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-176
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Opinion in Psychiatry
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Development
  • Diffusion tensor imaging
  • Dysconnectivity
  • Schizophrenia

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