Recent developments of telemedicine in glaucoma

Jason J. Jo, Louis R. Pasquale

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Purpose of reviewTelemedicine has an increasingly significant role in the fields of ophthalmology and glaucoma. This review covers recent advancements in the development and optimization of teleglaucoma techniques and applications.Recent findingsGlaucoma monitoring and diagnosis via remote tonometry, perimetry, and fundus imaging have become a possibility based on recent developments. Many applications work in combination with smart devices, virtual reality, and artificial intelligence and have been tested in patient populations against conventional "reference-standard" measurement tools, demonstrating promising results. Of note, there is still much progress to be made in teleglaucoma and telemedicine at large, such as accessibility to internet, broadband, and smart devices, application affordability, and reimbursement for remote services. However, continued development and optimization of these applications suggest that the implementation of remote monitoring will be a mainstay for glaucoma patient care.SummaryEspecially since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, remote patient care has taken on an important role in medicine and ophthalmology. Remote versions of tonometry, perimetry, and fundus imaging may allow for a more patient-centered and accessible future for glaucoma care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-123
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Opinion in Ophthalmology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2024


  • artificial intelligence
  • teleglaucoma
  • telemedicine
  • virtual reality


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