Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a chronic, irreversible obstructive lung disease that results from exposure to noxious stimuli. Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) usually result from viral or bacterial respiratory infections, but may also result from exposure to environmental pollution. AECOPD are associated with functional decline, increased risk of subsequent exacerbations, and death. Despite the poor prognosis of AECOPD, patients are empowered through self-management programs in their battle against this lethal disease. Morbidity and mortality of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease hospitalizations are reduced by implementing standardized treatment modalities outlined in this article throughout the hospitalization and beyond.
- COPD exacerbation
- Risk factors