Rapidly reversible multiorgan failure after ingestion of "molly" (pure 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine): A case report

Trupti Vakde, Manuel Diaz, Kalpana Uday, Richard Duncalf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction. "Molly" is a street name for pure 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, an amphetamine derivative which acts by enhancing the release of neurotransmitters such as serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine. This produces euphoria, increased sensory awareness and central stimulation that make it a popular club drug. Nevertheless, it is also associated with serious side effects. We report an unusual case of rapid multiorgan failure after ingestion of "Molly". Unlike previously described patterns of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine-related organ failure, our case does not appear to be related to hyperthermia, rhabdomyolysis or hyponatremia. Case presentation. A 24-year-old Hispanic man presented to our hospital with an episode of seizure and subsequently developed acute kidney injury, respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation and congestive heart failure after ingestion of "Molly". He rapidly recovered with supportive care and was discharged home. Conclusions: The spectrum of complications associated with 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine is wide and patient presentation may vary. Moreover, there appears to be multiple mechanisms involved in organ failure. Drug toxicity should be suspected while evaluating a patient with multisystem organ failure of unclear etiology. Treatment is generally supportive sometimes requiring mechanical ventilation and hemodialysis. Nevertheless, complete reversal of organ failure can be expected.

Original languageEnglish
Article number204
JournalJournal of Medical Case Reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 18 Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • "Molly"
  • MDMA
  • Multiorgan failure

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