Randomized comparative trial in parous women of the frameless GyneFix® and the TCu380A intrauterine devices: Long-term experience in a Chinese family planning clinic

X. Cao, W. Zhang, G. Gao, H. Van Kets, D. Wildemeersch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To compare the clinical performance of two intrauterine devices (the frameless GyneFix® intrauterine device (IUD) and the TCu380A IUD) during long-term use. Study design: This was a randomized comparative study. A total of 157 insertions of the GyneFix IUD were compared with 156 insertions of the TCu380A IUD in the Tianjin Municipal Institute for Family Planning, China. Only parous women were included in the study. Insertions were conducted by the first three authors. The trial extended over a 9-year period, with over 10 000 woman-months of experience. Results: The study showed that both devices are highly efficacious. No pregnancies occurred with the GyneFix IUD (cumulative pregnancy rate 0.0), compared to one pregnancy with the TCu380A IUD (cumulative pregnancy rate 0.64). The cumulative expulsion rate with the GyneFix IUD was 1.91 (three expulsions occurred, two of which were during the first 6 months), compared to a cumulative expulsion rate of 5.13 (eight expulsions) with the TCu380A (p = 0.1112). The total use- related discontinuation rate (terminations were mainly due to bleeding disturbances) was significantly lower (p = 0.0051) with the GyneFix IUD (4.46) than with the TCu380A IUD (14.10) and resulted in a higher rate of continuation with the GyneFix IUD compared to the TCu380A IUD (92.36 versus 83.97). Neither perforations nor cases of pelvic inflammatory disease were encountered with either device in this study, demonstrating the safety of the anchoring system. Conclusion: The results of the present clinical trial are in agreement with the findings of other multicenter, randomized, comparative, clinical trials that have investigated these two IUDs in China, as well as with the findings of other large-scale international studies conducted with the frameless IUD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-140
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Expulsion rates
  • Frameless GyneFix IUD
  • Medical removals
  • Pregnancy
  • Single-center randomized comparative trial
  • TCu380A IUD

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