Radiopharmaceuticals XXVII. 18F-labeled 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-d-glucose as a radiopharmaceutical for measuring regional myocardial glucose metabolism in vivo: tissue distribution and imaging studies in animals.

B. M. Gallagher, A. Ansari, H. Atkins, V. Casella, D. R. Christman, J. S. Fowler, T. Ido, R. R. MacGregor, P. Som, C. N. Wan, A. P. Wolf, D. E. Kuhl, M. Reivich

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187 Scopus citations

Abstract

18F-2-Deoxy-2-fluoro-D-glucose (18FDG) is rapidly extracted by the mouse heart, and the radioactivity in heart (3-4% per organ) remains relatively constant for 2 hr post injection. The brain uptake (2-3% per organ) remained relatively constant throughout the time course of the study. Liver, lungs, kidneys, small intestine, and blood all showed a rapid clearance of radioactivity after injection of 18FDG. At 120 min the heart-to-lung ratio was 12 and heart-to-liver ratio was 32. Urinary excretion of activity was approximately 16% of the injected dose at 60 min. The uptake of radioactivity by dog heart following the intravenous administration of 18FDG was 2.8-4.1% at 60 min and 2.4% at 135 min; it was regionally distributed, the areas of highest activity being the left ventricle and the interventricular septum. The brain activity was 2.1-3.5% at 120 min, with a ratio of gray matter-to-white matter of 2-3:1. Urinary excretion in dogs was 16% and 50% of the injected dose at 60 and 135 min. The chemical form of the activity in the urine, although unidentified, was not 18F-. Cross-sectional images of the myocardium of the dog after intravenous injection of 18FDG were obtained using emission tomography.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)990-996
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume18
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1977

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