Radiology of fibrosis part II: abdominal organs

Sofia Maria Tarchi, Mary Salvatore, Philip Lichtenstein, Thillai Sekar, Kathleen Capaccione, Lyndon Luk, Hiram Shaish, Jasnit Makkar, Elise Desperito, Jay Leb, Benjamin Navot, Jonathan Goldstein, Sherelle Laifer, Volkan Beylergil, Hong Ma, Sachin Jambawalikar, Dwight Aberle, Belinda D’Souza, Stuart Bentley-Hibbert, Monica Pernia Marin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Fibrosis is the aberrant process of connective tissue deposition from abnormal tissue repair in response to sustained tissue injury caused by hypoxia, infection, or physical damage. It can affect almost all organs in the body causing dysfunction and ultimate organ failure. Tissue fibrosis also plays a vital role in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. The early and accurate diagnosis of organ fibrosis along with adequate surveillance are helpful to implement early disease-modifying interventions, important to reduce mortality and improve quality of life. While extensive research has already been carried out on the topic, a thorough understanding of how this relationship reveals itself using modern imaging techniques has yet to be established. This work outlines the ways in which fibrosis shows up in abdominal organs and has listed the most relevant imaging technologies employed for its detection. New imaging technologies and developments are discussed along with their promising applications in the early detection of organ fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number610
JournalJournal of Translational Medicine
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Abdominal organs
  • Fibrosis
  • Imaging

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