Radiographic grading system for usual interstitial pneumonia correlates with mortality and may serve as a surrogate endpoint in clinical trials

Kathleen M. Capaccione, Mary M. Salvatore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP)/ idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IFP) is a relentlessly progressive lung disease with outcomes similar to cancer. We have previously established a radiologic grading system for UIP and demonstrated that it correlates with pulmonary function tests; here we test the hypothesis that it correlates with mortality. Validating a correlation with mortality will demonstrate the utility of this system for monitoring progression over time clinically and in trials of anti-fibrotic agents. Methods: We searched the radiology record system “Catalyst” to identify cases and reviewed each case to confirm the diagnosis. 94 patients met the inclusion criteria for further assessment. Chest CT grade was determined by consensus of two cardiothoracic radiologists. Data was analyzed to identify the interval between chest CT and death. This interval was correlated with CT grade using Spearman correlation analysis. Results: For all cases, chest CT grade and mortality demonstrated a positive correlation of rs = 0.37732, 2-tailed p = 0.00018. We also employed subgroup analysis; for the subgroup with intervals less than or equal to 100 days, there was a positive correlation, rs = 0.48339, 2-tailed p = 0.03602; for the subgroup with an interval greater than 100 days between imaging and death there was a positive correlation, rs = 0.302, 2-tailed p = 0.00846. Conclusion: These data support use of this system for monitoring clinical progression and as a surrogate endpoint for clinical trials. Future work building upon the data presented here will evaluate its utility in clinical trials and develop automated grading.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-41
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Imaging
Volume102
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Clinical trials
  • Grading system
  • Pulmonary fibrosis
  • UIP

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