Objectives: Radical cystectomy (RC) with pelvic lymph node dissection and urinary diversion is the standard treatment for muscle-invasive bladder cancer. In the setting of prior renal transplantation, surgical treatment remains the mainstay but is technically challenging. We report our patient outcomes in this unique population with a description of the technique. Methods: We identified five patients with a history of renal transplantation who underwent RC and orthotopic urinary diversion. Preoperative clinical and demographic features were compiled and disease-specific and functional outcomes were assessed. Intraoperative technical challenges and maneuvers for avoiding complications are highlighted. Results: Four patients were male and one was female, with a median age of 64 years. Gross hematuria was the most common sign at presentation. Clinical staging was T2, T2 with carcinoma in situ (CIS), high-grade (HG) Ta with CIS, T2 with squamous differentiation, and HG T1, and pathologic tumor stage was pTisN1, pT3N0, pTisN0, pT3N0, and pT0N0, respectively. One patient received a Studer-type diversion and four underwent Hautmann diversion. Median follow-up after cystectomy was 12.9 months. Graft ureteral identification was aided by the use of intravenous dye in all patients. Ipsilateral pelvic lymph node dissection was not possible in any patient. All patients are alive at follow-up, with two experiencing recurrence at 7.2 months and 66.8 months. No patient experienced a significant decrease in estimated creatinine clearance postoperatively. Postoperative daytime control was reported by all patients whereas two noted complete nighttime control. Conclusions: RC with orthotopic diversion is a technically demanding procedure in patients with a history renal transplantation. Meticulous technique and careful attention to the altered anatomy are required for successful outcomes.
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - May 2013|