Quilting sutures in rhytidectomy: A systematic review of the literature

Anthony Ballan, Samer Jabbour, Youssef El Rayess, Khalil Jabbour, Lena El Hachem, Marwan Nasr

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Background: Different technical variations exist for the utilization of quilting sutures (QS) in rhytidectomy. No systematic review or meta-analysis of the studies describing the use of QS in facelifts has been published to date to the authors' knowledge. Objectives: The objective of this study was to summarize all the published data regarding the utilization of QS in rhytidectomy, compare QS techniques, and evaluate their effect on postoperative complications. Methods: On April 1, 2019, a systematic search of the Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases was conducted. All the studies describing the usage of QS in facelifts were included in this review. Studies reporting hematoma rate in a QS group and a control group were included in the meta-analysis part of this study. Results: The initial search of the databases yielded 93 results. Four trials were included in the systematic review and 2 were included in the meta-analysis. The total number of included patients with QS was 527. Two studies employed internal QS and the remaining studies utilized external QS. The meta-analysis found a lower rate of hematoma in the QS group (relative risk, 0.02; 95% confidence interval = 0.00-0.13; P < 0.0001). Conclusions: QS can be applied either internally or externally and are very effective in reducing hematomas after facelifts. QS could be a great asset in facelifts but should be utilized with caution because additional work is needed to confirm their safety and efficacy. Level of Evidence: 2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1157-1164
Number of pages8
JournalAesthetic Surgery Journal
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes


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