Quantitative Signal Characteristics of Electrocorticography and Stereoelectroencephalography: The Effect of Contact Depth

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Purpose:Patients undergoing epilepsy surgery often require invasive EEG, but few studies have examined the signal characteristics of contacts on the surface of the brain (electrocorticography, ECOG) versus depth contacts, used in stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG). As SEEG and ECOG have significant differences in complication rates, it is important to determine whether both modalities produce similar signals for analysis, to ultimately guide management of medically intractable epilepsy.Methods:Twenty-seven patients who underwent SEEG (19), ECOG (6), or both (2) were analyzed for quantitative measures of activity including spectral power and phase-amplitude coupling during approximately 1 hour of wakefulness. The position of the contacts was calculated by coregistering the postoperative computed tomography with a reconstructed preoperative MRI. Using two types of referencing schemes - local versus common average reference - the brain regions where any quantitative measure differed systematically with contact depth were established.Results:Using even the most permissive statistical criterion, few quantitative measures were significantly correlated with contact depth in either ECOG or SEEG contacts. The factors that predicted changes in spectral power and phase-amplitude coupling with contact depth were failing to baseline correct spectral power measures, use of a local rather than common average reference, using baseline correction for phase-amplitude coupling measures, and proximity of other grey matter structures near the region where the contact was located.Conclusions:The signals recorded by ECOG and SEEG have very similar spectral power and phase-amplitude coupling, suggesting that both modalities are comparable from an electrodiagnostic standpoint in delineation of the epileptogenic network.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-203
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Neurophysiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2019


  • Electrocorticography
  • Epilepsy surgery
  • Phase-amplitude coupling
  • Spectral power
  • Stereoelectroencephalogaphy


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