Quantitative EEG during seizures induced by electroconvulsive therapy: Relations to treatment modality and clinical features. II. Topographic analyses

Bruce Luber, Mitchell S. Nobler, James R. Moeller, Gary P. Katzman, Joan Prudic, D. P. Devanand, Gabriel S. Dichter, Harold A. Sackeim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study tested three alternative theories of the mechanisms of therapeutic action of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). The theories differed in predictions about the global and topographic effects of effective and ineffective forms of ECT on electroencephalogram (EEG) seizure expression. At the second treatment, 19-lead EEG recordings were obtained in 57 depressed patients randomized to conditions that differed in ECT electrode placement and stimulus dosage. Power in the delta frequency band was quantified during the seizure and analyzed with traditional multivariate methods and the Scaled Subprofile Model. Electrical dosage of the ECT stimulus had a powerful effect on ictal global delta power and, more so, than electrode placement. Greater ictal global delta power was associated with superior therapeutic outcome, but the magnitude of this effect was small. Effective forms of ECT resulted in a topography where delta power was accentuated in prefrontal EEG sites. High dosage right unilateral ECT also resulted in stronger asymmetry in prefrontal regions than the ineffective, low dosage right unilateral ECT. Greater bilateral generalization of seizure expression does not appear to be a prerequisite for therapeutic effects. Instead, more intense seizure expression in prefrontal regions may be critical for efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-243
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of ECT
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Electroconvulsive therapy
  • Electroencephalogram
  • Frequency spectrum analysis
  • Major depression
  • Seizures
  • Therapeutic outcome

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