To identify luminal dimension changes occurring within the stent alone and within the stent + margin segment, we reviewed the quantitative angiographic results obtained from the Scripps Coronary Radiation to Inhibit Proliferation Post Stenting (SCRIPPS) trial, a prospective randomized trial assessing the effect of iridium-192 (Ir-192) on the prevention of stent restenosis. Fifty-five patients were randomly assigned to receive Ir-192 or placebo sources after successful intervention. Procedural and 6-month follow- up cineangiograms were quantitatively reviewed in 52 patients to identify changes within the stent and the stent + margin segment. The percent diameter stenosis was lower within the stent than within the stent + margin segment after the procedure (6 22%vs 21 ± 15%, p <0.0001) and at follow-up (28 29% vs 42 ± 21%, p <0.0001). As a result, a lower restenosis rate was found within the stent than within the stent + margin (25% vs 37%, p <0.0001); isolated stent margin restenosis occurred in 11.5% of lesions. Treatment with Ir-192 reduced restenosis within the stent (8% vs 39%; p = 0.010) and within the stent + margin segment (17% vs 54%; p = 0.010); the reduction in restenosis at the margin only (8.3% vs 14.3%, p = 0.503) was not significant. The lowest relative risk for restenosis resulting from Ir-192 occurred within the stent (0.21; 95% confidecne interval [CI] 0.05 to 0.86) compared with the stent + margin segment (0.31; 95% CI 0.12 to 0.81) or the stent margin (0.58; 95% CI 0.12 to 2.91). In the SCRIPPS trial, 32% of restenosis occurred at the stent margins. Treatment with Ir-192 reduced restenosis primarily within the stent rather than the margin. Whether extending the treatment length to fully include the stent margins will further reduce restenosis requires further study.