Quantitation of CD62, soluble CD62, and lysosome‐associated membrane proteins 1 and 2 for evaluation of the quality of stored platelet concentrates

R. F. Holcombe, K. Kannan, R. M. Stewart, K. W. Betzing, D. Dempsey, M. Fukuda, R. Chervenak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Platelets become activated during storage, which results in secretion of granules, vesiculation of microparticles, secretion of protein, and a number of other biochemical and morphologic processes that decrease the utility of platelet concentrates stored for transfusion. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: To evaluate the quality of stored platelet concentrates, the cell surface expression of specific activation‐dependent antigens (CD62 and lysosome‐associated membrane proteins 1 and 2 [LAMP‐1, LAMP‐2]) on platelets stored in a hospital blood bank over a 7‐day period was examined. Relative microparticle counts and the expression of CD62 by microparticles, as well as platelet concentrate supernatant levels of soluble CD62, were determined. RESULTS: The percentage of platelets expressing CD62 increased significantly from Day 1 to Day 5 (p < 0.05) of storage; the mean fluorescence values for CD62 did not. In contrast, the mean fluorescence values of LAMP‐1 and LAMP‐2 rose significantly (p < 0.01 and p < 0.05, respectively) between Days 1 and 5. Significant declines in CD62, LAMP‐1, and LAMP‐2 percent expression and mean fluorescence were seen on Day 6 of storage (p < 0.001). Microparticle numbers increased significantly during storage and correlated with levels of CD62 protein (free and membrane‐bound) (r = 0.95 vs. Day 2, p < 0.05; r = 0.88 vs. Day 5, p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Flow cytometric evaluations of the expression of cell surface CD62, LAMP‐1, and LAMP‐2 are complementary tests that, especially when used in conjunction with the quantitation of CD62 protein, provided a simple and effective means of evaluating the quality of platelet concentrates stored for transfusion. 1995 AABB

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-297
Number of pages6
JournalTransfusion
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1995
Externally publishedYes

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