Quantifying CD4/CCR5 usage efficiency of HIV-1 Env using the affinofile system

Nicholas E. Webb, Benhur Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Entry of HIV-1 into target cells involves the interaction of the HIV envelope (Env) with both a primary receptor (CD4) and acoreceptor (CXCR4 or CCR5). The relative efficiency with which a particular Envuses these receptors is a major component of cellular tropism in the context of entry and is related to a variety of pathological Env phenotypes (Chikere et al. Virology 435:81–91, 2013). The protocols outlined in this chapter describe the use of the Affinofile system, a 293-based dual-inducible cell line that expresses up to 25 distinct combinations of CD4 and CCR5, as well as the associated Viral Entry Receptor Sensitivity Assay (VERSA) metrics used to summarize the CD4/CCR5-dependent infectivity results. This system allows for high-resolution profiling of CD4 and CCR5 usage efficiency in the context of unique viral phenotypes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMethods in Molecular Biology
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Number of pages18
StatePublished - 2016

Publication series

NameMethods in Molecular Biology
ISSN (Print)1064-3745


  • Affinofile
  • CCR5
  • CD4
  • Entry efficiency
  • Env
  • HIV
  • Receptor usage efficiency
  • Virus entry


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