Quantification of artifacts during cardiac magnetic resonance in patients with leadless Micra pacemakers

Pavel Hála, Petr Neužil, Jiří Keller, Petr Moučka, Martin Mudroch, Libor Dujka, Marek Janotka, Radovan Žáček, Josef Vymazal, Vivek Reddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: When cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) is performed after previous leadless transcatheter pacemaker implantation, an image distortion has to be expected in the heart region and evaluation of myocardial tissue can be affected. In this clinical prospective study, we aim to assess the extent and impact of this artifact on individual ventricular segments and compare it to conventional pacing devices. Methods: Total of 20 patients with leadless pacemaker placed in the right ventricle underwent cardiac MR imaging in a 1.5 Tesla scanner. A multiplanar segmentation was used to demarcate the left and right ventricular myocardium as well as the pacemaker-caused image artifact in systolic and diastolic time frames. Artifact size and its relative influence on myocardial segments were quantitatively assessed and expressed in AHA-17 model. Results: Implanted leadless pacemaker caused an image artifact with a volume of 48 ± 5 ml. Most distorted were the apical septal (53 ± 23%), apical inferior (30 ± 18%), and midventricular inferoseptal (30 ± 20%) segments. The artifact intersection with basal and lateral segments was none or negligible (up to 2%). The portion of left ventricular (LV) myocardium affected by the artifact was significantly higher in systole (8 ± 4%) compared to diastole (10 ± 3%; p <.001). Conclusion: Implantation of leadless pacemaker represents no obstacle for cardiac MR imaging but causes an image artifact located mostly in septal, inferoseptal, and anteroseptal segments of apical and midventricular LV myocardium. With the exception of the apex, diastolic timing reduces the image distortion of all segments and improves global ventricular assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1367-1375
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • artifacts
  • leadless cardiac pacemaker
  • magnetic resonance imaging


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