Quality of care for first nations and non-first nations people with diabetes

Vinay Deved, Nathalie Jette, Hude Quan, Marcello Tonelli, Braden Manns, Andrea Soo, Cheryl Barnabe, Brenda R. Hemmelgarn

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18 Scopus citations


Background and objectives Compared with non-First Nations, First Nations People with diabetes experience higher rates of kidney failure and death, which may be related to disparities in care. This study examined First Nations and non-First Nations People with diabetes for differences in quality indicators and their association with kidney failure and death. Design, setting, participants, & measurements Adults with diabetes and an outpatient creatinine in Alberta from 2005 to 2008were identified. Logistic regressionwas used to determine the likelihood of process of care indicators (measurement of urine albumin/creatinine ratio [ACR], LDL, and hemoglobin A1C [A1C]) and surrogate outcome indicators (achievement of LDL and A1C targets). Cox regressionwas used to determine the association between lack of achievement of indicator targets and each of kidney failure and death. Results This study identified 140,709 non-First Nations and 6574 First Nations People with diabetes. There was a significant interaction between First Nations status and CKD for the outcomes (P,0.01); therefore, results are stratified by CKD. Among participants without CKD, First Nations People were less likely to receive process of care indicators and achieve target A1C compared with non-First Nations People. For those with CKD, First Nations Peoplewere as likely to receive these indicators (other than LDL) and achieve LDL andA1C targets. Lack of LDL andA1C assessment and achievement of targetswere associatedwith increased risk of kidney failure and death similarly for both groups. Conclusions Compared with non-First Nations, First Nations People with diabetes but without CKD experience disparities in assessment of quality indicators and achievement of A1C target.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1188-1194
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2013
Externally publishedYes


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