QRS distortion in pre-reperfusion electrocardiogram is a bedside predictor of large myocardium at risk and infarct size (a METOCARD-CNIC trial substudy)

Maria Jose Valle-Caballero, Rodrigo Fernández-Jiménez, Raquel Díaz-Munoz, Alonso Mateos, Marta Rodríguez-Álvarez, José A. Iglesias-Vázquez, Carmen Saborido, Carolina Navarro, M. Luisa Dominguez, Luisa Gorjón, José C. Fontoira, Valentín Fuster, Juan Carlos García-Rubira, Borja Ibanez

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20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: QRS distortion is an electrocardiographic (ECG) sign of severe ongoing ischemia in the setting of ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI). We sought to evaluate the association between the degree of QRS distortion and myocardium at risk and final infarct size, measured by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). Methods: A total of 174 patients with a first anterior STEMI reperfused by primary angioplasty were prospectively recruited. Pre-reperfusion ECG was used to divide the study population into three groups according to the absence of QRS distortion (D0) or its presence in a single lead (D1) or in 2 or more contiguous leads (D2 +). Myocardium at risk and infarct size were determined by CMR one week after STEMI. Multiple regression analysis was used to study the association of QRS distortion with myocardium at risk and infarct size, with adjustment for relevant clinical and ECG variables. Results: 101 patients (58%) were in group D0, 30 (17%) in group D1, and 43 (25%) in group D2 +. Compared with group D0, presence of QRS distortion (groups D2 + and D1) was associated with a significantly adjusted larger extent of myocardium at risk (group D2 +: absolute increase 10.4%, 95% CI 6.1-14.8%, p < 0.001; group D1: absolute increase 3.3%, 95% CI 1.3-7.9%, p = 0.157) and larger infarct size (group D2 +: absolute increase 10.1%, 95% CI 5.5-14.7%, p < 0.001; group D1: absolute increase 4.9%, 95% CI 0.08-9.8%, p = 0.046). Conclusions: Distortion in the terminal portion of the QRS complex on pre-reperfusion ECG in two or more leads is independently associated with larger myocardium at risk and infarct size in the setting of primary angioplasty-reperfused anterior STEMI. QRS distortion in only one lead is independently associated with larger infarct size in this setting. Our findings suggest that QRS distortion analysis could be included in risk-stratification of patients presenting with anterior STEMI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)666-673
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume202
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Electrocardiogram
  • Infarct size
  • Magnetic resonance
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Myocardium at risk
  • QRS distortion

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