Purification and characterization of two distinct complexes of assembly polypeptides from calf brain coated vesicles that differ in their polypeptide composition and kinase activities.

J. J. Manfredi, W. L. Bazari

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Abstract

The binding and assembly of clathrin triskelions on vesicle membranes seem to be mediated by certain assembly polypeptides (Keen, J.H., Willingham, M.C., and Pastau, I.H. (1979) Cell 16, 303-312). These assembly polypeptides were further purified into two distinct complexes using hydroxylapatite chromatography. Peak 1 consists of two major bands of 98 and 112 kDa, two minor bands of 103 and 118 kDa, and a polypeptide of 46 kDa. Peak 2 consists of one major band of 100 kDa, two minor bands of 103 and 115 kDa, and a polypeptide of 50 kDa. Both complexes have a native molecular mass of 290 kDa as determined by gel filtration. Each 290-kDa complex contains two polypeptides of 98-118/100-115 kDa and two polypeptides of 46/50 kDa. The 46-kDa polypeptide is not phosphorylated, whereas the 50-kDa polypeptide is. Both peaks contain 50-kDa kinase-like activity. Time courses of the 50-kDa phosphorylation show that the activity in peak 1 saturates much faster than the activity in peak 2; there may be two 50-kDa kinase activities in coated vesicles. A kinase that phosphorylates the polypeptides in 98-118-kDa group is present in peak 1 but not in peak 2. Both peaks assemble clathrin triskelions into cages under conditions in which the clathrin alone would not assemble. Both rotary shadowed and negatively stained preparations of these reassembled cages as well as the purified complexes were examined by electron microscopy. Thus, two complexes have been identified that differ in their polypeptide composition and kinase activities, but are similar in their ability to assemble clathrin triskelions into cages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12182-12188
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume262
Issue number25
StatePublished - 5 Sep 1987

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