Despite international treaties banning torture, it is still widely practiced by state agents and private citizens alike. Pulmonologists may encounter survivors of torture in routine clinical practice or in the context of a forensic medical evaluation. The Istanbul Protocol delineates the general approach to the effective medical examination, investigation, and reporting of an individual alleging torture, but relatively little text is devoted to the specific pulmonary manifestations of torture. This review intends to address this paucity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2384-2391
Number of pages8
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • clinical forensic medicine
  • global medicine
  • manifestations of torture
  • medicine ethics
  • refugee health


Dive into the research topics of 'Pulmonary Manifestations of Torture'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this