A 65-year-old man with insulin-dependent diabetes developed intractable pruritus preceding weight loss and increasing fatiguability. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed infection with Candida, cytomegalovirus, and Cryptosporidium. His T cell helper/suppressor ratio was inverted, and the serum human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody was positive. Results of an extensive evaluation for internal malignancy were negative. Despite optimal care, the patient died 12 weeks after his initial hospitalization. We believe that HIV infection should be added to the list of underlying disorders that may present with pruritus.