Both Wnt signaling and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) play pivotal roles in bone development, remodeling, osteoporosis and prostate cancer (PCa) bone metastases. We investigated the effects of PGE2 on Wnt signaling in osteoblast-lineage cells and Wnt-inhibitor expression in PCa cells. We demonstrate that low dose PGE2 (0.1 μM) promotes Wnt signaling while higher doses of PGE2 (1.0-10 μM) inhibit these same parameters in osteoblast-lineage cells. The differential effects of low vs high-dose PGE2 on pre-osteoblasts may be attributed to dose-dependent modulation of prostaglandin receptor (EP) subtype expression; with lower doses increasing the expression the cAMP-stimulatory EP4 receptor subtype and higher doses increasing the expression of the cAMP-inhibitory EP3 receptor subtype. Moreover, we demonstrate that high expression levels of COX-2 and PGE2 promote the secretion of Wnt inhibitors from prostate cancer cells. These data demonstrate that there are dose-dependent effects of PGE2 on Wnt activation in osteoblast-lineage cells and Wnt-inhibitor expression in PCa cells which may have clinical implications in the management.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - 9 Apr 2010|
- Prostaglandin E
- Prostate cancer bone metastases