Purpose: To provide an update on our five-year prospective study of ocular trauma requiring admission to our institution starting January 1, 1996. Methods : A trauma intake sheet was created for each patient requiring admission to our institution The intake sheet evaluates patient demographics, risks, and causation of injury as well as assessing treatment protocols and effects of delay in diagnosis and treatment. Trauma was classified according to Birmingham Eye Trauma Terminology (BETT). Follow-up sheets were developed to assess clinical outcomes. Results: 66 cases of ocular trauma were reviewed ( as of October 31. 1996 ). Males predominated (77%. 51/66). The 20-40 year age group was the most likely to sustain an injury (ave. age = 33 yrs.). 60% (40/66) of all injuries resulted from non-work related chance occurrences, 15% (10/66) from assaults, 30% (20/66) were work related, and 5% (3/66) were recreational injuries. Corneal and corneal-scleral lacerations were the most frequent (53%, 35/66) admission diagnoses. 26% (17/66) of these corneal and corneal-scleral laceration cases occurred as work-related injuries. Conclusions : This prospective study demonstrates that males continue to suffer a disproportionate rate of serious ocular trauma. Corneal and comeal-scleral injuries were the most common diagnoses requiring admission. Interestingly, none of the patients suffering occupational injuries had worn safety eyewear indicating a significant number of these injuries may have been preventable.
|Journal||Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science|
|State||Published - 1997|