Prophylactic cerclage in the management of twin pregnancies

Ashley S. Roman, Daniel H. Saltzman, Nathan Fox, Chad K. Klauser, Niki Istwan, Debbie Rhea, Andrei Rebarber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To determine if prophylactic cerclage improves pregnancy outcomes in women with twin pregnancies without a history of cervical insufficiency. Study Design Women with twin pregnancies who received outpatient preterm labor surveillance services between January 1990 and May 2004 for ≥1 day beginning at < 28.0 weeks' gestation were identified from a database. Patients with previous preterm delivery or a diagnosis of cervical incompetence in a previous or in the index pregnancy were excluded. Twin pregnancies managed with prophylactic cerclage were compared with twin pregnancies in which cerclage was not placed. The primary outcome was incidence of preterm birth prior to 32 weeks. Groups were compared using Fisher exact and Mann-Whitney U test statistics. Results Overall, 8,218 twin pregnancies met inclusion criteria, of which 146 women (1.8%) received prophylactic cerclage. Patients who received prophylactic cerclage had a significantly higher incidence of preterm birth before 32 weeks and infants with lower mean birth weight and longer nursery stays. No significant difference was seen in mean gestational age at delivery. This study had 80% power to detect a 7% reduction in the primary outcome. Conclusion Prophylactic cerclage was not associated with a lower risk of preterm birth and adverse neonatal outcomes in twin pregnancies without history of cervical insufficiency. 2013 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)751-754
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Perinatology
Volume30
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Keywords

  • cerclage
  • multiple gestation
  • preterm birth
  • twin

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