Prompt vitrectomy for management of endophthalmitis in setting of unexposed glaucoma drainage implant

Tyler L. Junttila, Gareth MC Lema, Sandra Fernando Sieminski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To highlight a rare case of fulminant endophthalmitis in the late post-operative stage after glaucoma drainage device implantation without evidence of device exposure, and to share the unique management that resulted in successful restoration of vision and intraocular pressure control. Observations: Endophthalmitis after glaucoma drainage implantation (GDI) is a rare complication most often associated with exposure of the device. Management options are limited, but removal of GDI is a common approach in the setting of an exposed implant. Visual acuity outcomes are often significantly reduced despite adequate treatment. There is little in the existing literature about management of late-onset endophthalmitis in the setting of a GDI without implant exposure. Here we present such a case that was successfully managed by prompt pars plana vitrectomy and removal of tube from the anterior chamber with subsequent re-insertion and patch graft. Our case results in a restoration of baseline visual acuity and IOP control at 7 months follow up. Conclusions and importance: Endophthalmitis occurring after GDI implantation is a challenging complication to manage. Many physicians resort to removal of device for treatment, and a majority would treat initially with intravitreal antibiotic injection of antibiotics rather than prompt pars plana vitrectomy. This article provides a different approach that avoids removal of the device.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100671
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Volume18
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Baerveldt
  • Endophthalimits
  • Glaucoma
  • Glaucoma drainage device

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