Progression of Barrett's esophagus, crypt dysplasia, and low-grade dysplasia diagnosed by wide-area transepithelial sampling with 3-dimensional computer-assisted analysis: a retrospective analysis

Nicholas J. Shaheen, Michael S. Smith, Robert D. Odze

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14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Aims: Wide-area transepithelial sampling with 3-dimensional computer-assisted analysis (WATS3D) is used as an adjunct to forceps biopsy sampling in Barrett's esophagus (BE). BE-associated crypt dysplasia (CD), which can be detected by WATS3D, involves crypts but not surface epithelium. The risk of neoplastic progression of CD has never been evaluated. The prognosis of WATS3D-diagnosed nondysplastic BE (NDBE) and low-grade dysplasia (LGD) is also unknown. We assessed the risk of progression of WATS3D-reported NDBE, CD, and LGD with high-grade dysplasia (HGD) or esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). Methods: We analyzed patients who underwent WATS3D in routine care. Eligible patients had 2 WATS3D ≥12 months apart. Patients were categorized by the initial WATS3D finding as NDBE, CD, or LGD. Patient-years of observation were calculated by multiplying the mean follow-up by the number of patients. Progression, defined as a subsequent finding of HGD/EAC on forceps biopsy sampling, was assessed. The crude progression rate was calculated, and Kaplan-Meier analysis compared progression rates stratified by baseline histology. Bivariate analysis identified progression risk factors. Results: Of 151,224 WATS3D cases, 43,145 (29%) had BE. Of these, 4545 patients had 2 WATS3D separated by ≥12 months. The mean follow-up was 1.97 years (range, 1.0-6.42). In patients with baseline NDBE, progression was.08% per patient-year (95% confidence interval [CI],.02%-.14%). Progression of baseline CD was significantly higher, at 1.42% per patient-year (95% CI, 0%-3.01%). For baseline LGD, progression was 5.79% per patient-year (95% CI, 1.02%-10.55%). Other risk factors for progression were increasing age and BE segment length. Conclusions: NDBE found on WATS3D has a very low risk of progression. CD reported on WATS3D appears to be a neoplastic precursor lesion, with a risk of progression in this study significantly higher than NDBE but lower than LGD. The clinical utility of CD requires further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-418.e1
JournalGastrointestinal Endoscopy
Volume95
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

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