Prognostic value of vasodilator response using rubidium-82 positron emission tomography myocardial perfusion imaging in patients with coronary artery disease

Punitha Arasaratnam, Masoud Sadreddini, Yeung Yam, Vinay Kansal, Sharmila Dorbala, Marcelo F. Di Carli, Rob S. Beanlands, Michael E. Merhige, Brent A. Williams, Emir Veledar, James K. Min, Li Chen, Terrence D. Ruddy, Guido Germano, Daniel S. Berman, Leslee J. Shaw, Benjamin J.W. Chow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Prognostic value of positron emission tomography (PET) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is well established. There is paucity of data on how the prognostic value of PET relates to the hemodynamic response to vasodilator stress. We hypothesize that inadequate hemodynamic response will affect the prognostic value of PET MPI. Methods and results: Using a multicenter rubidium (Rb)-82 PET registry, 3406 patients who underwent a clinically indicated rest/stress PET MPI with a vasodilator agent were analyzed. Patients were categorized as, “responders” [increase in heart rate ≥ 10 beats per minute (bpm) and decrease in systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥10 mmHg], “partial responders” (either a change in HR or SBP), and “non-responders” (no change in HR or SBP). Primary outcome was all-cause death (ACD), and secondary outcome was cardiac death (CD). Ischemic burden was measured using summed stress score (SSS) and % left ventricular (LV) ischemia. After a median follow-up of 1.68 years (interquartile range = 1.17- 2.55), there were 7.9% (n = 270) ACD and 2.6% (n = 54) CD. Responders with a normal PET MPI had an annualized event rate (AER) of 1.22% (SSS of 0–3) and 1.58% (% LV ischemia = 0). Partial and non-responders had higher AER with worsening levels of ischemic burden. In the presence of severe SSS ≥12 and LV ischemia of ≥10%, partial responders had an AER of 10.79% and 10.36%, compared to non-responders with an AER of 19.4% and 12.43%, respectively. Patient classification was improved when SSS was added to a model containing clinical variables (NRI: 42%, p < 0.001) and responder category was added (NRI: 61%, p < 0.001). The model including clinical variables, SSS and hemodynamic response has good discrimination ability (Harrell C statistics: 0.77 [0.74–0.80]). Conclusion: Hemodynamic response during a vasodilator Rb-82 PET MPI is predictive of ACD. Partial and non-responders may require additional risk stratification leading to altered patient management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)538-548
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • All- cause death
  • Blood pressure
  • Heart rate
  • Positron emission tomography
  • Prognosis

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