Prognostic value of stress myocardial perfusion positron emission tomography: Results from a multicenter observational registry

Sharmila Dorbala, Marcelo F. Di Carli, Rob S. Beanlands, Michael E. Merhige, Brent A. Williams, Emir Veledar, Benjamin J.W. Chow, James K. Min, Michael J. Pencina, Daniel S. Berman, Leslee J. Shaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

190 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The primary objective of this multicenter registry was to study the prognostic value of positron emission tomography (PET) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and the improved classification of risk in a large cohort of patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease (CAD). Background: Limited prognostic data are available for MPI with PET. Methods: A total of 7,061 patients from 4 centers underwent a clinically indicated rest/stress rubidium-82 PET MPI, with a median follow-up of 2.2 years. The primary outcome of this study was cardiac death (n = 169), and the secondary outcome was all-cause death (n = 570). Net reclassification improvement (NRI) and integrated discrimination analyses were performed. Results: Risk-adjusted hazard of cardiac death increased with each 10% myocardium abnormal with mildly, moderately, or severely abnormal stress PET (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.3 [95% CI: 1.4 to 3.8; p = 0.001], HR: 4.2 [95% CI: 2.3 to 7.5; p < 0.001], and HR: 4.9 [95% CI: 2.5 to 9.6; p < 0.0001], respectively [normal MPI: referent]). Addition of percent myocardium ischemic and percent myocardium scarred to clinical information (age, female sex, body mass index, history of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, smoking, angina, beta-blocker use, prior revascularization, and resting heart rate) improved the model performance (C-statistic 0.805 [95% CI: 0.772 to 0.838] to 0.839 [95% CI: 0.809 to 0.869]) and risk reclassification for cardiac death (NRI 0.116 [95% CI: 0.021 to 0.210]), with smaller improvements in risk assessment for all-cause death. Conclusions: In patients with known or suspected CAD, the extent and severity of ischemia and scar on PET MPI provided powerful and incremental risk estimates of cardiac death and all-cause death compared with traditional coronary risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-184
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume61
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • myocardial perfusion imaging
  • positron emission tomography
  • prognosis
  • registry
  • risk reclassification

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