Prognostic Comparison of Octogenarian vs. Non-Octogenarian With Acute Decompensated Heart Failure ― AURORA Study ―

Masami Nishino, Yasuyuki Egami, Shodai Kawanami, Masaru Abe, Mizuki Ohsuga, Hiroaki Nohara, Kohei Ukita, Akito Kawamura, Koji Yasumoto, Masaki Tsuda, Naotaka Okamoto, Yasuharu Matsunaga-Lee, Masamichi Yano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is the main cause of hospitalization and death of octogenarians, but no data on the 1-year post-discharge mortality rate. We evaluated the clinical status and predictors of 1-year mortality in octogenarians with ADHF. Methods and Results: From the AURORA (Acute Heart Failure Registry in Osaka Rosai Hospital) study, we examined 1,246 hospitalized ADHF patients. We compared the in-hospital mortality rate and the proportion of heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) between octogenarians and non-octogenarians. After discharge we compared the 1-year mortality rate between these groups, and we also evaluated the predictors of death in both groups. The proportion of HFpEF among the in-hospital deaths of octogenarians was significantly higher than in non-octogenarians (46.2% vs. 15.0%, P=0.031). The 1-year mortality rate after discharge was significantly higher in the octogenarians than non-octogenarians (P=0.014). Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that albumin ≤3.0g/dL and antiplatelet agents were useful predictors of 1-year death after discharge of octogenarians whereas chronic kidney disease was a predictor in the non-octogenarians. Conclusions: The proportion of HFpEF among in-hospital deaths of octogenarians with ADHF was high as compared with non-octogenarians. When octogenarians with ADHF have severe hypoalbuminemia and antiplatelet agents, early nutritional and medical interventions after discharge may be important to improve the 1-year prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-109
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation Journal
Volume88
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute decompensated heart failure
  • Albumin
  • Antiplatelet agents
  • Octogenarians

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Prognostic Comparison of Octogenarian vs. Non-Octogenarian With Acute Decompensated Heart Failure ― AURORA Study ―'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this