Procedural task trainer gaps in emergency medicine: A rift in the simulation universe

Stephanie N. Stapleton, Michael Cassara, Tiffany Moadel, Brendan W. Munzer, Christopher Sampson, Ambrose H. Wong, Eisha Chopra, Jane Kim, Suzanne Bentley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objectives: We identified and quantified the gap between emergency medicine (EM) procedures currently taught using simulation versus those that educators would teach if they had better procedural task trainers. Additionally, we endeavored to describe which procedures were taught using homemade models and the barriers to creation and use of additional homemade models. Methods: Using a modified Delphi process, we developed a survey and distributed it to a convenience sample of EM simulationists via the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine Simulation Academy listserv. Survey items asked participants to identify procedures they thought should be taught using simulation ("most important"), do teach using simulation (“most frequent”), would teach if a simulator or model were available (“most needed”), and do teach using simulation with "homemade" models (“most frequent homemade”). Results: Thirty-seven surveys were completed. The majority of respondents worked at academic medical centers and were involved in simulation-based education for at least 6 years. Three procedures ranked highly in overall teaching importance and currently taught categories. We identified four procedures that ranked highly as both important techniques to teach and would teach via simulation. Two procedures were selected as the most important procedures that the participants do teach via simulation but would like to teach in an improved way. We found 14 procedures that simulationists would teach if an adequate model was available, four of which are of high importance. Conclusions: This study captured data to illuminate the procedural model gap and inform future interventions that may address it and meet the overarching objective to create better and more readily available procedure models for EM simulation educators in the future. It offers an informed way of prioritizing procedures for which additional homemade models should be created and disseminated as well as barriers to be aware of and to work to overcome. Our work has implications for learners, educators, administrators, and industry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S32-S42
JournalAEM Education and Training
Issue numberS1
StatePublished - Jun 2022


Dive into the research topics of 'Procedural task trainer gaps in emergency medicine: A rift in the simulation universe'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this