The goal of mandibular reconstruction is to rehabilitate the patient by restoring occlusal relationships, lower facial contour, oral continence, and a denture-bearing surface. One of the major advantages of the use of vascularized bone over all other methods of mandibular reconstruction is its ability to achieve dental rehabilitation rapidly. The use of osseointegrated dental implants is a valuable adjunct in oral rehabilitation. It provides the most rigid form of stabilization to withstand the forces of mastication. In situations in which soft tissue reconstuction or the height of the alveolar ridge is not sufficient for a tissue-borne denture, implants offer the most suitable alternative. Mandibular reconstruction with free tissue transfer techniques is ideally suited for the placement of implants. These can be inserted at the time of mandibular reconstruction. Four months after surgery, when the integration process has occurred, the implants are unroofed, loaded, and ready for prosthetic placement. We will present several representative patients who underwent mandibular reconstruction with microvascular free bone transfer who have been successfully rehabilitated by osseointegrated implants. The process of osseointegration, different types of dental implants, and issues regarding radiation and implants are discussed. This is the first report of dental rehabilitation by primary placement of dental implants in patients undergoing microvascular mandibular reconstruction.