Primary Mediastinal B Cell Lymphoma in the Positron-Emission Tomography Era Executive Summary of the American Radium Society Appropriate Use Criteria

Bradford S. Hoppe, Ranjana Advani, Sarah A. Milgrom, Richard L. Bakst, Leslie K. Ballas, Bouthaina S. Dabaja, Christopher R. Flowers, Chul S. Ha, David B. Mansur, Monika L. Metzger, Chelsea C. Pinnix, John P. Plastaras, Kenneth B. Roberts, Sonali M. Smith, Stephanie A. Terezakis, Jessica M. Kirwan, Louis S. Constine

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Purpose: Primary mediastinal B cell lymphoma (PMBCL) is a highly curable subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that is diagnosed predominantly in adolescents and young adults. Consequently, long-term treatment-related morbidity is critical to consider when devising treatment strategies that include different chemoimmunotherapy strategies with or without radiation therapy. Furthermore, adaptive approaches using the end-of-chemotherapy (EOC) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) scanning may help to determine which patients may benefit from additional therapies. We aimed to develop evidence-based guidelines for treating these patients. Methods and Materials: We conducted a systematic review in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guideline using the PubMed database. The ARS expert committee, composed of radiation oncologists, hematologists, and pediatric oncologists, developed consensus guidelines using the modified Delphi framework. Results: Nine studies met the full criteria for inclusion based on reporting outcomes on patients with primary mediastinal B cell lymphoma with EOC PET/CT response scored with the 5-point Deauville scale. These studies formed the evidence for these guidelines in managing patients with PMBCL according to the EOC PET response, including after a 5-point Deauville scale of 1 to 3, 4, or 5, and for patients with relapsed and refractory disease. The expert group also developed guidance on radiation simulation, treatment planning, and plan evaluation based on expert opinion. Conclusions: Various treatment approaches exist in the management of PMBCL, including different chemoimmunotherapy regimens, the use of consolidative radiation therapy, and adaptive approaches based on EOC PET/CT response. These guidelines can be used by practitioners to provide appropriate treatment according to different disease scenarios.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-44
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2021


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