Preventing contrast-induced renal failure: A guide

Michela Faggioni, Roxana Mehran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is characterised by a rapid deterioration of renal function within a few days of parenteral administration of contrast media (CM) in the absence of alternative causes. CI-AKI is the most common form of iatrogenic kidney dysfunction with an estimated prevalence of 12 % in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Although usually selfresolving, in patients with pre-existing chronic kidney disease (CKD) or concomitant risk factors for renal damage, CI-AKI is associated with increased short- and long-term morbidity and mortality. Therefore, risk stratification based on clinical and peri-procedural characteristics is crucial in selecting patients at risk of CI-AKI who would benefit the most from implementation of preventive measures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-104
Number of pages7
JournalInterventional Cardiology Review
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Contrast-induced nephropathy
  • Prevention
  • Risk score

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