Prevalence and predictors of mental disorders in intentionally and unintentionally injured emergency center patients

Claire Van Der Westhuizen, Gail Wyatt, John K. Williams, Dan J. Stein, Katherine Sorsdahl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Little is known about the prevalence and predictors of mental disorders among injured emergency center (EC) patients in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Patients presenting with either an intentional or unintentional injury were recruited (N = 200). Mental health, injury, and psychological trauma histories were assessed. Descriptive statistics and logistic regressions were conducted, and predictors of current mental disorder were identified. Diagnostic criteria for a current mental disorder, including substance use disorders, were met by 59.5% of the participants. Compared with those with an unintentional injury, the intentionally injured participants were more likely to be diagnosed with a current mental disorder (66.9% vs. 48.8%, p = .01). High frequencies of previous intentional injuries predicted for current mental disorder (OR = 1.46, 95% CI 1.08-1.98), whereas male gender and witnessed community violence predicted substance use disorder diagnoses. The findings indicate that injured EC patients, particularly those with intentional injuries, are at risk for mental disorders. Psychosocial interventions in the EC context can potentially make an important contribution in reducing the burden of mental disorders and injuries in LMICs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)638-646
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Volume202
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Mental disorder
  • emergency
  • injury

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