Preoperative inversed albumin-to-globulin ratio predicts worse oncologic prognosis following curative hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma

Cheng Cheng Zhang, Chengwu Zhang, Hao Xing, Yu Wang, Lei Liang, Yong Kang Diao, Ting Hao Chen, Wan Yee Lau, Ping Bie, Zhi Yu Chen, Tian Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: A normal albumin-to-globulin ratio (NAGR) in serum is greater than 1. Inversed albumin-to-globulin ratio (IAGR < 1) indicates poor synthetic liver function or malnutrition. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether preoperative IAGR was associated with worse oncologic survival after hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Patients and Methods: Patients who underwent curative hepatectomy for HCC between 2009 and 2016 in four centers were divided into the IAGR and NAGR groups based on their preoperative levels, and their clinical characteristics and long-term survival outcomes were compared. Univariable and multivariable Cox regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors of overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS). Results: Of 693 enrolled patients, 136 (19.6%) were in the IAGR group. Their 5-year OS and RFS rates were 31.6% and 21.3%, respectively, which were significantly worse than the NAGR group (43.4% and 28.7%, both P < 0.001). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curves in predicting 5-year OS and RFS using the albumin-to-globulin ratio were 0.68 and 0.67, respectively, which were significantly higher than albumin (0.60 and 0.59), globulin (0.56 and 0.57), Child-Pugh grading (0.61 and 0.60), Model for End-Stage Liver Disease Score (0.59 and 0.58), and Albumin-Bilirubin grading (0.64 and 0.63). Multivariable analyses identified that preoperative IAGR was independently associated with worse OS (HR: 1.444, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.125–1.854, P = 0.004) and RFS (HR: 1.463, 95% CI: 1.159–1.848, P = 0.001). Conclusion: Preoperative IAGR was useful in predicting worse OS and RFS in patients who underwent curative hepatectomy for HCC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9929-9939
Number of pages11
JournalCancer Management and Research
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Albumin
  • Globulin
  • Hepatectomy
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Recurrence
  • Survival

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