As modern abdominal imaging equipment advances, pancreatic lesion detection improves. Most of these lesions are incidental, and present a conundrum to the clinician and create great anxiety to the patient until a final diagnosis is made. For the practicing physician, the plethora of diagnostic options is overwhelming. The relevant question is, what is the most efficient algorithm to follow and to arrive at a timely and accurate diagnosis. This article presents a logical approach to the initial evaluation of a pancreatic lesion to get the most information possible with the least amount of testing, and to avoid duplicative measures.