Prenatal diagnosis of 45,X/46,XY mosaicism with postnatal confirmation in a phenotypically normal male infant

Lillian Y.F. Hsu, Hyon J. Kim, Richard Hausknecht, Kurt Hirschhorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Prenatal detection of chromosome mosaicism has always been a diagnostic dilemma. In 21 reported cases of chromosomal mosaicism in cultured amniotic fluid cells, only two cases had cytogenetic confirmation of the mosaicism. All 21 pregnancies resulted in either phenotypically normal liveborns or grossly normal abortuses. We report a case of XO/XY mosaicism detected prenatally and confirmed postnatally in a grossly normal male infant. The indication for prenatal cytogenetic diagnosis was advanced maternal age (38 years). A diagnosis of XO/XY mosaicism was made from two separate culture flasks of amniotic fluid cells, with 45,X cells predominating (86.4 %). The Y chromosome was of normal size but carried no fluorescent band. The parents were counseled and were advised that the phenotype of XO/XY mosaicism can range from relative normality to sexual maldevelopment. They decided to continue this pregnancy. The infant was born at term and was a grossly normal male with normal penis and descended, normal‐sized testes. Leukocyte culture from the cord blood and a skin fibroblast culture confirmed the mosaicism of XO/XY. The father's Y chromosome was of identical size and carried a small fluorescent band. It appears that an altered Y chromosome may be predisposed to anaphase lag leading to mosaicism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-238
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Genetics
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1976

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