Preferences of lebanese adults for the gender of their surgeons: A cross-sectional study

Translated title of the contribution: Preferences of lebanese adults for the gender of their surgeons: A cross-sectional study

Nour Abdul Halim, Paul Beaineh, Madelin Fenianos, Selim Gebran, Ahmad Msheik, Sima Sharara, Mona Nabulsi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: More females are specializing in surgery in Lebanon, but it is not known if a gender bias exists among Lebanese people in their preference of their surgeons. Aims: This study investigated the preference of Lebanese men and women for the gender of surgeons and explored rea-sons for their preferences. Methods: A convenience sample of 1000 Lebanese adults were asked about their preferences for the gender of surgeons of different specialties (paediatrics, cardiology, neurology, orthopaedics, ophthalmology, ear nose and throat, plastic surgery and obstetrics/gynaecology). The association between the participants’ sociodemographic characteristics and gender preference for surgeons was examined in bivariate and multivariable regression analyses. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% con-fidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Results: Half of the respondents had no gender preference for their surgeons whatever their speciality. Male surgeons were preferred over females for cardiac (44.2% versus 3.7% respectively), neurological (43.4% versus 4.1%) and orthopaedic procedures (41.9% versus 3.5%) whereas male and female obstetricians/gynaecologists were equally preferred (23.6% and 25.0% respectively). Being male (OR = 0.74, 95% CI: 0.57–0.97) or single (OR = 0.65, 95% CI: 0.44–0.96) decreased the likelihood of choosing a male heart surgeon whereas employment increased that likelihood (OR = 1.37, 95% CI: 1.03–1.83). Perceived competence, reputation and trustworthiness of male surgeons influenced participants’ choices whereas the choice of an obstetrician/gynaecologist was related to privacy and comfort. Conclusions: The preference for female surgeons in Lebanon varies by the type of surgical specialty. Qualitative studies exploring the social determinants of patients’ preferences are needed.

Translated title of the contributionPreferences of lebanese adults for the gender of their surgeons: A cross-sectional study
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-579
Number of pages7
JournalEastern Mediterranean Health Journal
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gender
  • Lebanon
  • Patient preferences
  • Surgeons

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