Predictors of reported condom use in central Harlem youth as conceptualized by the Health Belief Model

Danielle Laraque, Diane E. McLean, Pamela Brown-Peterside, Diane Ashton, Beverly Diamond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Purpose: To examine the relationship of reported condom use to specific sociodemographics, psychosocial variables, and perceptions of and motivations for condom use as conceptualized by the Health Belief Model. Methods: This study performed a cross-sectional survey of 557 adolescents enrolled in a hospital-based pregnancy prevention program in an urban community hospital (Harlem Hospital). Multiple logistic regression analysis examined the combined relationship of the significant psychosocial variables to consistent condom use. Results: Males were less likely than females to report teen- parent conflict and depression and more likely to report support for birth control, participation in community activities, and favorable attitudes toward delaying parenthood. Consistent with the Health Belief Model, adjusting for age, the strongest predictors of consistent condom use were partner preference for condoms, perceived benefit of avoidance of pregnancy, male gender, and support for birth control (usually by a parent). Conclusions: The data on this urban, predominantly African-American sample of adolescents suggest the importance of the influences on specific motivations to use protection that is, the wish to avoid pregnancy, human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, and sexually transmitted diseases, although the mechanisms are still unclear. In addition, gender and the modifying effects of parental and partner support of the use of protection strongly influence the reported use of condoms by adolescents. These factors (in addition to psychosocial factors such as depression) may be important in planning interventions to increase condom use by sexually active teens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-327
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Adolescent pregnancy prevention
  • Condom use
  • Gender differences
  • Health Belief Model


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