Predictors of pulmonary embolism in hospitalized patients with COVID-19

Jeeyune Bahk, Abdul Rehman, Kam Sing Ho, Bharat Narasimhan, Hafiza Noor Ul, Ain Baloch, Jiafang Zhang, Rowena Yip, Robert Lookstein, David J. Steiger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: High venous thromboembolism (VTE) rates have been described in critically ill patients with COVID-19. We hypothesized that specific clinical characteristics may help differentiate hypoxic COVID-19 patients with and without a diagnosed pulmonary embolism (PE). Methods: We performed a retrospective observational case-control study of 158 consecutive patients hospitalized in one of four Mount Sinai Hospitals with COVID-19 between March 1 and May 8, 2020, who received a Chest CT Pulmonary Angiogram (CTA) to diagnose a PE. We analyzed demographic, clinical, laboratory, radiological, treatment characteristics, and outcomes in COVID-19 patients with and without PE. Results: 92 patients were negative (CTA-), and 66 patients were positive for PE (CTA+). CTA + had a longer time from symptom onset to admission (7 days vs. 4 days, p = 0.05), higher admission biomarkers, notably D-dimer (6.87 vs. 1.59, p < 0.0001), troponin (0.015 vs. 0.01, p = 0.01), and peak D-dimer (9.26 vs. 3.8, p = 0.0008). Predictors of PE included time from symptom onset to admission (OR = 1.11, 95% CI 1.03–1.20, p = 0.008), and PESI score at the time of CTA (OR = 1.02, 95% CI 1.01–1.04, p = 0.008). Predictors of mortality included age (HR 1.13, 95% CI 1.04–1.22, p = 0.006), chronic anticoagulation (13.81, 95% CI 1.24–154, p = 0.03), and admission ferritin (1.001, 95% CI 1-1.001, p = 0.01). Conclusions: In 158 hospitalized COVID-19 patients with respiratory failure evaluated for suspected PE, 40.8% patients had a positive CTA. We identified clinical predictors of PE and mortality from PE, which may help with early identification and reduction of PE-related mortality in patients with COVID-19.

Original languageEnglish
Article number73
JournalThrombosis Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023


  • Coagulopathy
  • Coronavirus disease 2019
  • D-dimer
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Venous Thromboembolism


Dive into the research topics of 'Predictors of pulmonary embolism in hospitalized patients with COVID-19'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this