Predictors, costs, and causes of readmission after surgery for sinonasal cancer: a national perspective

Alexander N. Goel, Jason Y. Yang, Marilene B. Wang, Jivianne T. Lee, Maie A. St. John, Jennifer L. Long

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Hospital readmissions are an increasingly scrutinized marker of surgical care delivery and quality. There is a paucity of information in the literature regarding the rate, risk factors, and common causes of readmission after surgery for sinonasal cancer. Methods: We analyzed the Nationwide Readmissions Database for patients who underwent surgery for a diagnosis of sinonasal cancer between 2010 and 2014. Rates, causes, and patient-, procedure-, and hospital-level risk factors for 30-day readmission were determined. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify predictors of 30-day readmission. Results: Among the 4173 cases, the 30-day readmission rate was 11.6%, with an average cost per readmission of $18,403. The most common readmission diagnoses were wound complications (15.3%) and infections (13.4%). On multivariate regression, significant risk factors for readmission were chronic renal failure (odds ratio [OR], 2.95; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.41-6.17), involvement of the skull base or orbit (OR, 1.67; 95% CI, 1.11-2.51), nonelective initial surgical admission (OR, 2.35; 95% CI, 1.42-3.89), and length of stay ≥7 days (OR, 1.87; 95% CI, 1.14-3.05). Conclusion: Through the use of a large national database, we found that approximately 1 in 9 patients undergoing surgery for sinonasal cancer was readmitted within 30 days. Readmissions were most commonly associated with wound complications and infections. Factors related to procedural complexity were more important predictors of readmission than patients’ demographics or comorbidities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1056-1064
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Forum of Allergy and Rhinology
Volume8
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • health-care costs
  • hospital readmission
  • nose neoplasms
  • paranasal sinus neoplasms
  • quality indicators

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