Prediction of one-year mortality among 30-day survivors after primary percutaneous coronary interventions

Rajendra H. Mehta, William W. O'Neill, Kishore J. Harjai, David A. Cox, Bruce R. Brodie, Judy Boura, Lorelei Grines, Gregg W. Stone, Cindy L. Grines

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Little information exists on the features that influence risk factors for death at 1 year among 30-day survivors of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) that is treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Accordingly, we examined 3,280 patients with STEMI who were enrolled in Stent-PAMI and CADILLAC trials, were treated with primary PCI, and survived >30 days after STEMI. Death at 1 year occurred in 74 patients (2.3%) who survived >30 days after their index STEMI. Patients who died at 1 year were more likely to be older and women and have lower body weight and greater prevalence of previous stroke. Similarly, the sum of ST elevations, 3-vessel or left anterior coronary disease, and final Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction grade <3 flow was higher, whereas left ventricular ejection fraction was lower among patients who died versus those who survived. The multivariate logistic regression model identified age >70 years (odds ratio [OR] 3.3 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.9 to 5.7), weight <80 kg (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.1 to 3.6), any tachyarrhythmia during index hospitalization (defined as ventricular or supraventricular tachycardia that required treatment) (OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.2 to 4.8), number of diseased coronary arteries (OR 1.5, 95% CI 1.1 to 2.1), and left ventricular ejection fraction (each 10% decrease, OR 1.5, 95% CI 1.2 to 1.8) as factors independently associated with risk of death at 1 year among 30-day survivors. In conclusion, our study provides a method for clinicians to advise patients who are treated with primary PCI and survive the acute phase of STEMI with regard to patients' long-term prognosis, thus enhancing planning and setting up of realistic expectations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)817-822
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume97
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2006
Externally publishedYes

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