Prediction of 1-year mortality in patients with acute coronary syndromes undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: Validation of the logistic clinical syntax (synergy between percutaneous coronary interventions with taxus and cardiac surgery) score

Vasim Farooq, Yvonne Vergouwe, Philippe Généreux, Christos V. Bourantas, Tullio Palmerini, Adriano Caixeta, Hector M. Garcìa-Garcìa, Roberto Diletti, Marie Angèle Morel, Thomas C. McAndrew, Arie Pieter Kappetein, Marco Valgimigli, Stephan Windecker, Keith D. Dawkins, Ewout W. Steyerberg, Patrick W. Serruys, Gregg W. Stone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives This study sought to validate the Logistic Clinical SYNTAX (Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) score in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (ACS), in order to further legitimize its clinical application. Background The Logistic Clinical SYNTAX score allows for an individualized prediction of 1-year mortality in patients undergoing contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention. It is composed of a "Core" Model (anatomical SYNTAX score, age, creatinine clearance, and left ventricular ejection fraction), and "Extended" Model (composed of an additional 6 clinical variables), and has previously been cross validated in 7 contemporary stent trials (>6,000 patients). Methods One-year all-cause death was analyzed in 2,627 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention from the ACUITY (Acute Catheterization and Urgent Intervention Triage Strategy) trial. Mortality predictions from the Core and Extended Models were studied with respect to discrimination, that is, separation of those with and without 1-year all-cause death (assessed by the concordance [C] statistic), and calibration, that is, agreement between observed and predicted outcomes (assessed with validation plots). Decision curve analyses, which weight the harms (false positives) against benefits (true positives) of using a risk score to make mortality predictions, were undertaken to assess clinical usefulness. Results In the ACUITY trial, the median SYNTAX score was 9.0 (interquartile range 5.0 to 16.0); approximately 40% of patients had 3-vessel disease, 29% diabetes, and 85% underwent drug-eluting stent implantation. Validation plots confirmed agreement between observed and predicted mortality. The Core and Extended Models demonstrated substantial improvements in the discriminative ability for 1-year all-cause death compared with the anatomical SYNTAX score in isolation (C-statistics: SYNTAX score: 0.64, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.56 to 0.71; Core Model: 0.74, 95% CI: 0.66 to 0.79; Extended Model: 0.77, 95% CI: 0.70 to 0.83). Decision curve analyses confirmed the increasing ability to correctly identify patients who would die at 1 year with the Extended Model versus the Core Model versus the anatomical SYNTAX score, over a wide range of thresholds for mortality risk predictions. Conclusions Compared to the anatomical SYNTAX score alone, the Core and Extended Models of the Logistic Clinical SYNTAX score more accurately predicted individual 1-year mortality in patients presenting with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. These findings support the clinical application of the Logistic Clinical SYNTAX score.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)737-745
Number of pages9
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume6
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • SYNTAX score
  • acute coronary syndrome
  • drug-eluting stents
  • mortality
  • predictions
  • validation

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