Predicting Handwriting Legibility in Taiwanese Elementary School Children

Tzu I. Lee, Tsu Hsin Howe, Hao Ling Chen, Tien Ni Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigates handwriting characteristics and potential predictors of handwriting legibility among typically developing elementary school children in Taiwan. Predictors of handwriting legibility included visual-motor integration (VMI), visual perception (VP), eye-hand coordination (EHC), and biomechanical characteristics of handwriting. A total of 118 children were recruited from an elementary school in Taipei, Taiwan. A computerized program then assessed their handwriting legibility. The biomechanics of handwriting were assessed using a digitizing writing tablet. The children's VMI, VP, and EHC were assessed using the Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration. Results indicated that predictive factors of handwriting legibility varied in different age groups. VMI predicted handwriting legibility for first-grade students, and EHC and stroke force predicted handwriting legibility for second-grade students. Kinematic factors such as stroke velocity were the only predictor for children in fifth and sixth grades.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7006220020p
JournalAmerican Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume70
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes

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