Practices, attitudes, and confidence related to tobacco treatment interventions in HIV clinics: A multisite cross-sectional survey

Krysten W. Bold, Yanhong Deng, James Dziura, Elizabeth Porter, Keith M. Sigel, Jessica E. Yager, David M. Ledgerwood, Steven L. Bernstein, E. Jennifer Edelman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Tobacco use disorder (TUD) is a major threat to health among people with HIV (PWH), but it is often untreated. Among HIV clinicians and staff, we sought to characterize practices, attitudes, and confidence addressing TUD among PWH to identify potential opportunities to enhance provision of care. Cross-sectional deidentified, web-based surveys were administered from November 4, 2020 through December 15, 2020 in HIV clinics in three health systems in the United States Northeast. Surveys assessed provider characteristics and experience, reported practices addressing tobacco use, and knowledge and attitudes regarding medications for TUD. Chi-square tests or Fisher's exact tests were used to examine differences in responses between clinicians and staff who were prescribers versus nonprescribers and to examine factors associated with frequency of prescribing TUD medications. Among 118 survey respondents (56% prescribers), only 50% reported receiving prior training on brief smoking cessation interventions. Examining reported practices identified gaps in the delivery of TUD care, including counseling patients on the impact of smoking on HIV, knowledge of clinical practice guidelines, and implementation of assessment and brief interventions for smoking. Among prescribers, first-line medications for TUD were infrequently prescribed and concerns about medication side effects and interaction with antiretroviral treatments were associated with low frequency of prescribing. HIV clinicians and staff reported addressable gaps in their knowledge, understanding, and practices related to tobacco treatment. Additional work is needed to identify ways to ensure adequate training for providers to enhance the delivery of TUD treatment in HIV clinic settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)726-733
Number of pages8
JournalTranslational Behavioral Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2022


  • HIV
  • Implementation science
  • Nicotine replacement therapy
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco
  • Varenicline


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