Postoperative cognitive dysfunction after endovascular treatments for unruptured intracranial aneurysms: A pilot study

Daizo Ishii, Mario Zanaty, Jorge A. Roa, Luyuan Li, Yongjun Lu, Lauren Allan, Edgar A. Samaniego, James C. Torner, Daniel Tranel, David M. Hasan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Post operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) has been widely observed after major surgery, particularly in elderly patients with general anesthesia (GA). However, a specific unanswered question is whether different approaches to anesthetic managements are associated with different cognitive outcomes after endovascular treatments for unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs). The purpose of this study is to assess the correlation of POCD with GA versus monitored anesthesia care (MAC). Methods: We performed a pragmatic, prospective study to assess the association between different anesthetic approaches and POCD. We compared the pre- and post-procedural Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scores in patients with normal cognition who underwent treatments of UIAs with various endovascular methods, using either GA or MAC. Results: A total of 23 patients with UIAs were enrolled in the study. Seven (30.4%) and sixteen (69.6%) UIAs were treated without perioperative complications under GA or MAC, respectively. There was a significant decline in the post-procedural MoCA score under GA (mean difference = 1.14; 95% confidence interval = [0.42–1.87], P < 0.01). By contrast, there was no significant difference of MoCA score between pre- and post-procedure under MAC (mean difference = 0.19; 95% confidence interval = [−0.29–0.67], P = 0.59). Conclusions: Treating UIAs using MAC was associated with a decrease in POCD as compared to GA in patients undergoing endovascular treatments for UIAs with normal cognition. Larger randomized studies are needed to confirm these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-443
Number of pages5
JournalInterventional Neuroradiology
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Endovascular treatment
  • general anesthesia
  • intracranial aneurysm
  • monitored anesthesia care
  • postoperative cognitive dysfunction

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